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45.153-99

 

 

 

- 1999

 

1 -

-

2

3 04.10.99 . 5930

4

, .

3.

3 .

.

, - .

27002-89, 50 (191) -.

 

45.153-99

2000-01-01

1.

.

, , , / .

2.

27.002-89 . .

3.

3.1

1 ()

, .

- () , . , , .

item, entity

2

, - / () ( 27.002).

restorable item

3

, - / () ( 27.002).

non-restorable item

4

[1].

durability

5 ()

, ( ).

efficiency

6

, , , .

- , , , ( 27.002).

dependability

7 ( )

, [1].

required function

8

.

1 , .

2 , , .

availability

9

.

reliability

10

, , , , .

maintainability

11

, , / ( 27.002).

 

3.2.

 

12

, ( 27.002).

failure

13

, , , , [1].

critical failure

14

, , , , [1].

non-critical failure

15

, , [1].

misuse failure

16

, , .

weakness failure

17

, , () ( 27.002).

mishandling failure misuse failure

18

, .

desing failure

19

, .

manufacturing failure

20 /

, , .

ageing failure wearout failure

21

, [2].

sudden failure

22

, .

- [1].

gradual failure

23

, [1].

complete failure

24

, .

- .

relevant failure

25

, .

- .

non-relevant failure

26

, [1].

secondary failure

27

, [1].

primary failure

28

, , / , , .

1 .

2 [1].

systematic failure reproducible failure

29

, , [1].

partial failure

30

, [1].

degradation failure

31

, , [1].

failure cause

32

, - / () ( 27.002).

failure criterion

33

, ( 27.002).

damage

34

, ( 27.002).

interruption

35 ()

.

repair

36

, .

unscheduled repair

37

,

restoration

3.3

 

38

, - / () ( 27.002).

good state

39

, - / () ( 27.002).

faulty state, fault

40

, , , - / () ( 27.002).

up state

41

, , , - / () .

- .

down state

42

, , ( 27.002).

limiting state

43

, - / () .

- ( 27.002).

limiting state criterion

3.4.

 

44

.

- ( , ..), ( , ..) ( 27.002).

operating time

45

.

- .

time between failures

46

( 27.002).

useful lifetime, lifetime

47

( 27.002).

useful life, life

48

, , , [1].

early failure period

49

, .

- (active repair time).

restoration time

3.5

 

50

, , , ( 27.002).

availability function

51

, ( 27.002).

steady state availability factor

52

, , ( 27.002).

efficiency ratio

53

, , , .

unavailability function

3.6

 

54

, ( 27.002).

reliability function

55

.

-

mean time between failures (MTBF)

56

, , ( 27.002).

failure rate

57

( 27.002).

failure intensity

3.7

 

58

.

- (mean active repair time (MART).

mean restoration time

59

, , ( 27.002).

restoration rate

3.8

 

60

( 27.002).

mean lifetime

3.9

 

61

( 27.002).

mean storage time

3.10

 

62

() , ( 27.002).

redundancy

63

() , ( 27.002).

reserve

64

, () ( 27.002).

redundancy with restoration

65

, () ( 27.002).

redundancy without restoration

66

, , ( 27.002)

active reserve loaded reserve

67

, , ( 27.002).

standby reserve unloaded reserve

68

, , .. , () ( 27.002).

probability of successful redundancy

69

, .

continuous redundancy

70

, .

standby redundancy

3.11

 

71

, - .

dependability specification

72

, .

specified dependability measure

3.12 ,

 

73

, .

dependability management

74 ()

, - , / .

- .

dependability support programme

75

.

dependability assessment

76

.

dependability verification

77

, , -, , .

analytical dependability assessment

78

, .

experimental dependability assessment

79 -

, , .

( 77, 78, 79) - .

analytical-experimental dependability assessment

80

, .

failure analysis

81

, .

- [1].

maintainability model

82

, .

reliability and maintainability assurance

83

, [1].

reliability and maintainability control

84

, , , .

reliability and maintainability plan

85

, , , , .

reliability block diagram

3.13

 

86

, ( 27.002).

determination test

87

, ( 27.002).

compliance teat

88

, , , ( 27.002).

dependability test programme

80

9

54

68

37

49

58

58

45

55

8

4

59

56

88

87

18

83

76

50

53

52

51

32

43

13

77

78

- 79

81

6

44

45

55

71

38

39

41

82

򠠠 1

2

3

75

12

21

() 20

16

15

26

27

14

25

23

22

19

28

24

29

30

17

57

48

84

88

33

72

31

74

40

63

66

67

62

69

65

70

64

򠠠 35

36

10

񠠠 47

34

42

40

11

60

61

46

85

73

7

5

 

active repair time 49

active reserve 66

ageing failure wearout failure 20

analytical dependability assessment 77

analytical-experimental dependability assessment 79

availability 8

availability function 50

complete failure 23

compliance test 87

continuous redundancy 69

critical failure 13

damage 33

degradation failure 30

dependability 6

dependability assessment 75

dependability management 73

dependability support programme 74

dependability specification 71

dependability test programme 88

dependability verification 76

desing failure 18

determination test 86

down state 41

durability 4

early failure period 48

efficiency 5

efficiency ratio 52

entity 1

experimental dependability assessment 78

failure 12

failure analysis 80

failure cause 31

failure criterion 32

failure intensity 57

failure rate 56

fault 39

faulty state 39

good state 38

gradual failure 22

interruption 34

item 1

limiting state 42

limiting state criterion 43

life 47

lifetime 46

loaded reserve 66

maintainability 10

maintainability model 81

manufacturing failure 19

mean active repair time (MART) 58

mean lifetime 60

mean restoration time 58

mean storage time 61

mean time between failures (MTBF) 55

mishandling failure 17

misuse failure 15

non-critical failure 14

non-relevant failure 25

non-restorable item 3

operating time 44

partial failure 29

primary failure 27

probability of successful redundancy 68

redundancy 62

redundancy with restoration 64

redundancy without restoration 65

relevant failure 24

reliability 9

reliability and maintainability assurance 82

reliability and maintainability control 83

reliability and maintainability plan 84

reliability block diagram 85

reliability function 54

repair 35

restorable item 2

required function 7

reserve 63

restoration 37

restoration time 49

restoration rate 59

secondary failure 26

specified dependability measure 72

standby redundancy 70

standby reserve 67

steady state availability factor 51

storability 11

sudden failure 21

systematic failure reproducible failure 28

time between failures 45

unloaded reserve 67

unavailability function 53

unscheduled repair 36

up state 40

useful life 47

useful lifetime 46

weakness failure 17

 

 

()

[1] 50(191). . 191: .

[2] . . 1 - 1.3. .

: , , , ,

 

 

 






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