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52210-2004

 


 

 

 

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Digital broadcast television. Terms and definitions

: 2005-01-01

1.

.

, , , / .

2.

:

21879-88 .

22670-77 .

3.

1 : , , .

digital broadcast television

2 ; : , .

- , ..

digital television broadcasting;

digital TV broadcasting

3 ; : , , .

satellite digital television broadcasting;

satellite digital TV broadcasting

4 ; : (. ): , , .

direct satellite digital television broadcasting;

direct satellite digital TV broadcasting

5 ; : , .

terrestrial digital television broadcasting;

terrestrial digital TV broadcasting

6 ; : , .

cable digital television broadcasting;

cable digital TV broadcasting

7 ; : , , , .

- (MMDS) (LMDS) .

cellular digital television broadcasting;

cellular digital TV broadcasting

8 ; : , .

interactive digital television broadcasting;

interactive digital TV broadcasting

9 - : , .

internet broadcasting

10 ; : , , , , .

- , , , .

multimedia television broadcasting;

multimedia TV broadcasting

11 ( ): , , .

user data

12 : , .

broadcast program module

13 : , , , -, , .

multimedia program module

14 : .

event

15 : .

bouqet

16 ( ): .

multiplex

17 : , .

spatial redundancy

18 : , .

temporal redundancy

19 : , .

psychovisual redundancy

20 ( ): , .

global model of a digital broadcasting system;

global model

21 : , .

digital broadcast television standard;

digital broadcast TV standard

22 JPEG: , .

JPEG

23 JPEG : JPEG, , .

motion JPEG; MJPEG

24 JPEG-2000: JPEG, -.

JPEG-2000

25 MPEG-2: , , ,

MPEG-2

26 MPEG-2: MPEG-2, .

- , , , .

MPEG-2 profile

27 MPEG-2: , MPEG-2.

- , .

MPEG-2 level

28 24: : 16:9, 1080 1920 .

24P;

HDTV standard for production and international program exchange

29 : , , , .

digital broadcast television system;

digital broadcast TV system

30 : , .

digital video broadcasting;

DVB

31 ( ) : , , , .

- .

digital video broadcasting - satellite;

DVB-S

32 ( ) : , , , MPEG-2.

- .

digital video broadcasting - terrestrial;

DVB-T

33 ( ) : , .

1. MPEG-2.

2. .

digital video broadcasting - cable;

DVB-C

34 ( ) : , .

- (MDS) (LMDS) .

digital video broadcasting - cellular

35 ; : , , , .

conditional access system

,

36 ; : , , .

digital television signal;

digital TV signal

37 ( ): , , .

digital data stream

38 [, ] ( ): [, ] .

elementary stream;

ES

39 ( ): , , , .

program stream;

PS

40 ( ): , .

transport stream;

TS

41 ( ) (. ): .

- .

compression

42 : , , , .

one-dimensional prediction;

1-D prediction

43 : , , , .

two-dimensional prediction;

2-D prediction

44 : , , , , .

three-dimensional prediction;

3-D prediction

45 : .

prediction error

46 : , .

interpolation

47 ( ) (. ): , .

entropy coding;

variable-length coding;

VLC;

entropy encoding

48 ( ): , .

intra-frame coding;

intra-coding;

intra-frame encoding

49 ( ): , .

inter-frame coding;

inter-coding;

inter-frame encoding

50 ( ): , , .

hybrid coding;

hybrid encoding

51 - : -, , .

discrete wavelet transformation;

DWT

52 ; : , .

discrete cosine transformation;

DCT

53 : .

motion compensation

54 [, ] : , [, ] , .

header

55 : , .

- - .

block

56 : , .

macroblock

57 :

slice

58 : , MPEG-2, ,

picture

59 -: , , .

field-picture

60 -: , , .

frame-picture

61 I-: , .

I-picture;

intra picture

62 P-: , .

P-picture;

predictive picture

63 B-: , / .

B-picture;

bidirectionally-predictive picture

64 : I-, P- B- .

- , I-, P- B-.

group of pictures;

GOP

65 : , , .

- .

sequence of pictures

66 ( ): , .

randomization

67 : , .

- .

watermarling

68 ; , .

quadrature phase shift keying;

QPSK

69 : , - ,

coded orthogonal frequency division multiplex;

COFDM

70 : , , .

quadrature amplitude modulation;

QAM

71 : , , .

- .

prime modulation

72 : , , , , , - .

vestigial side band;

VSB

73 ; : , .

all-digital television centre;

all-digital TV centre

74 - ; : , .

digital TV production complex;

digital studio-production complex

75 ; : , .

digital outside broadcast van;

digital mobile television station

76 : , , , , .

broadcast television digital channel

77 : , , .

digital video channel;

digital picture channel

78 : , , .

digital audio channel;

digital sound channel

79 : , , , .

digital interconnecting line

80 : , , , .

digital satellite link

81 : , .

codec

82 () : ( 21879).

encoder;

coder

83 () : ( 21879)

decoder

84 : , .

reclocker

85 : , , , ( 22670).

scrambler

86 : , , ( 22670).

descrambler

87 : , .

server

88 [n-] : , [n] .

two (n) channel server

89 () : , .

multiplexer

90 () : , .

demultiplexer

91 () (. ): , .

digital routing switcher;

digital matrix switcher;

digital router

92 : , .

digital switcher;

digital mixer

93 ; : .

digital television camera;

digital TV camera

94 (. ): , .

digital camcorder

95 () : , .

digital video tape recorder;

DVTR

96 : , .

digital video disc recorder

97 : , .

digital television generator;

digital TV generator

98 : , .

digital TV set

99 : , .

- .

set top box;

STB

100 ( ): , .

picture element

101 ( ): , , , .

error flag

102 EDH- ( ): , , .

error detection and handling;

EDH

103 ( ): , .

modulation error ratio;

MER

104 ( ): , , .

polar pattern;

polar diagram

105 ( ): , .

- I , Q - .

quadrature pattern

106 : , , .

signal constellation;

constellation pattern

107 : , .

- , .

television test pattern

108 : , ( 21879).

optic test pattern

109 : , ,

artifact

110 : , , .

- .

blocking effect

111 : , .

- , .

mosaic effect

112 : , .

colour penumbra

113 : , .

crossover distortions

114 : , , .

changed colouring colour details reproducing

109

74

55

110

- 堠 51

-堠 9

10

2

8

6

7

3

4

5

96

94

95

95

114

97

64

11

11

83

83

𠠠 90

90

𠠠 86

105

104

105

104

52

EDH- 102

EDH-

102

54

54

54

18

17

19

46

113

93

94

78

77

81

82

82

48

50

49

48

50

49

47

47

47

91

91

53

- 頠 74

41

103

103

79

80

56

68

67

91

92

20

20

12

13

70

71

72

񠠠 16

16

𠠠 89

89

69

45

15

65

38

38

37

39

40

39

40

37

38

38

38

38

43

42

44

52

99

MPEG-2 26

𠠠 58

-𠠠 60

-堠 59

B-𠠠 63

I-𠠠 61

P-𠠠 62

75

112

66

66

84

87

88

n-頠 88

41

41

36

33

33

35

34

34

31

31

29

30

32

32

𠠠 85

57

35

106

24Ϡ 28

JPEG 22

JPEG 頠 23

JPEG-2000 24

MPEG-2 25

21

75

4

108

107

10

1

98

93

73

76

MPEG-2 27

101

101

14

73

  2

8

6

7

3

4

5

Ѡ 36

򠠠 100

100

111

all-digital television centre 73

all-digital TV centre 73

artifact 109

bidireetionally-predictive picture 63

block 55

blocking effect 110

biuqet 15

B-picture 63

broadcast program module 12

broadcast television digital channel 76

cable digital television broadcasting 6

cable digital TV broadcasting 6

cellular digital television broadcasting 7

cellular digital TV broadcasting 7

changed colouring colour details reproducing 114

codec 81

coded orthogonal frequency division multiplex 69

coder 82

COFDM 69

colour penumbra 112

compression 41

conditional access system 35

constellation pattern 106

crossover distortions 113

DCT 52

decoder 83

demultiplexer 90

descrambler 86

digital audio channel 78

digital broadcast television 1

digital broadcast television standard 21

digital broadcast television system 29

digital broadcast TV standard 21

digital broadcast TV system 29

digital camcorder 94

digital data stream 37

digital interconnecting line 79

digital matrix switcher 91

digital mixer 92

digital mobile television station 75

digital outside broadcast van 75

digital picture channel 77

digital router 91

digital routing switcher 91

digital satellite link 80

digital sound channel 78

digital studio-production complex 74

digital switcher 92

digital television broadcasting 2

digital television camera 93

digital television generator 97

digital television signal 36

digital TV broadcasting 2

digital TV camera 93

digital TV generator 97

digital TV production complex 74

digital TV set 98

digital TV signal 36

digital video broadcasting 30

digital video broadcasting-cable 33

digital video broadcasting-cellular 34

digital video broadcasting-satellite 31

digital video broadcasting-terrestrial 32

digital video channel 77

digital video disc recorder 96

digital video tape recorder 95

direct satellite digital television broadcasting 4

direct satellite digital TV broadcasting 4

discrete cosine transformation 52

discrete wavelet transformation 51

1-D prediction 42

2-D prediction 43

3-D prediction 44

DVB 30

DVB-C 33

DVB-S 31

DVB-T 32

DVTR 95

DWT 51

EDH 102

elementary stream 38

encoder 82

entropy coding 47

entropy encoding 47

error detection and handling 102

error flag 101

ES 38

event 14

field-picture 59

frame-picture 60

global model 20

global model of a digital broadcasting system 20

GOP 64

group of pictures 64

HDTV standard for production and international program exchange 28

header 54

hybrid coding 50

hybrid encoding 50

interactive digital television broadcasting 8

interactive digital TV broadcasting 8

inter-coding 49

inter-frame coding 49

inter-frame encoding 49

internet broadcasting 9

interpolation 46

intra picture 61

intra-coding 48

intra-frame coding 48

intra-frame encoding 48

I-picture 61

JPEG 22

JPEG-2000 24

macroblock 56

MER 103

MJPEG 23

modulation error ratio 103

mosaic effect 111

motion compensation 53

motion JPEG 23

MPEG-2 25

MPEG-2 level 27

MPEG-2 profile 26

multimedia program module 13

multimedia television broadcasting 10

multimedia TV broadcasting 10

multiplex 16

multiplexer 89

one-dimensional prediction 42

optic test pattern 108

picture 58

picture element 100

polar diagram 104

polar pattern 104

P-picture 62

prediction error 45

predictive picture 62

prime modulation 71

program stream 39

PS 39

psychovisual redundancy 19

QAM 70

QPSK 68

quadrature amplitude modulation 70

quadrature pattern 105

quadrature phase shift keying 68

randomization 66

reclocker 84

satellite digital television broadcasting 3

satellite digital TV broadcasting 3

scrambler 85

sequence of pictures 65

server 87

set top box 99

signal constellation 106

slice 57

spatial redundancy 17

STB 99

television test pattern 107

temporal redundancy 18

terrestrial digital television broadcasting 5

terrestrial digital TV broadcasting 5

three-dimensional prediction 44

transport stream 40

TS 40

two (n) channel server 88

two-dimensional prediction 43

user data 11

variable-length coding 47

vestigial side band 72

VLC 47

VSB 72

watermarking 67

24P 28

 

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