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22670-77

 

 

 

 


- 1977

 

 

 

Integrated digital communication network.
Terms and definitions

22670-77

25 1977 . 2061

01.01 1979 .

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1. ()

Digital network

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2. ()

Integrated digital communication network

,

3.

Integration stage

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4.

Technology integration

, : , , ,

5.

Communication equipment integration

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6.

Service integration

7.

Particular characteristic

,

8.

Analog signal

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9.

Digital signal

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10. n-

n- digital signal

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. n = 2, 3, 4, ..., 10 : , , , ...,

11. -n-

Quasi n- digital signal

, ,

12. n-

n-ary amplitude digital signal

n- -n- ,

13.

Digit

14.

Digit rate

,

15.

Significant instants of a digital signal

,

16.

Channel digital signal

,

17.

Multichannel digital signal

, ,

18.

Signal conversion

, ,

19. -

-

Analog to digital signal conversion

-

20. -

-

Digital to analog signal conversion

-

21. -

Digital to digital signal conversion

-

22. -

- ()

. -

Pulse code modulation (PCM)

, ,

23.

Predicted signal value

, ,

24. -

- ()

Differential pulse code modulation (DPCM)

- ,

25. -

- ()

Delta modulation

- ,

26.

Sampling

,

27.

.

Sample

,

28.

Uniform sampling

,

29.

Non uniform sampling

,

30.

Sampling interval

31.

Sampling period

32.

Sampling rate

33.

Quantization

, .

. , ,

34.

Signal quantization level

,

35.

Quantizer input quantization increment

,

36.

Quantizer output quantization increment

37.

Quantization law

,

38.

Signal quantization decision value

39.

Virtual decision value

,

40.

Signal quantization zone

,

41.

Limiting zone

,

42.

Uniform signal quantization

, , ,

43.

Non uniform signal quantization

, ,

44.

Load capacity

,

45.

Peak limiting

,

46.

Quantization distortion

47.

Compression

, , ,

48.

Expanding

, , ,

49.

Companding

,

50.

Instant signal companding

,

51.

Syllable signal companding

, ,

52.

Signal compression law

53.

Signal expanding law

54.

Signal companding law

55.

Signal analog companding

,

56.

Signal digital companding

, ,

57.

Encoding

:

1. .

2. .

58.

Uniform encoding

59.

Non uniform encoding

60.

Encoding law

,

61.

Segment encoding law

, - ,

62.

Natural binary code

, , , , ,

63.

Symmetrical binary code

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. 0 1

64.

Disparity

65.

PCM decoding

66.

DPCM decoding.

67.

Reconstructed sample

,

68.

.

Line code

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69.

Alternation mark inversion signal (AMI)

, , , -

70.

AMI violation

, ,

71.

Modified AMI

,

72. n-

Multilevel pulse code digital sum

n- ,

73. n-

Digital sum variation

n-

74.

Balanced code

, n-

75.

Paired-disparity code

, n- , , n- .

.

76.

Code conversion

, , , ,

77.

Isochronous digital signal

,

78.

.

Anisochronous digital signal

,

79.

Synchronous digital signals

,

80.

Homochronous digital signals

, ,

81.

Mesochronous digital signals

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82.

Plesiochronous digital signals

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83.

Heterochronous digital signals

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84.

Digital input

- , ,

85.

Code transparent input

,

86.

Non code transparent input

,

87.

Synchronous digital input

,

88.

Asynchronous digital input

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89.

.

Justification

,

90.

.

Positive justification

, , ,

91.

.

Negative justification

, .

. , .

92.

.

Positive/negative justification

93.

.

Justifiable digit time slot

,

94.

.

Justifying digit

, ,

95.

.

Justification service digit

, , ,

96.

.

Justification rate

,

97.

Justification ratio

98.

Digital multiplexing

, ,

99.

Homogeneous multiplexing

,

100.

Non-homogeneous multiplexing

,

101.

Adaptive multiplexing

, ,

102.

Non-adaptive multiplexing

,

103.

Digit multiplexing

, , ,

104.

Character multiplexing

, , ,

105.

Digital demultiplexing

, .

. , .

106.

Primary block

, 2,048 . -1

107.

Secondary block

, 8,448 . -1

108.

Frame

, , , ,

109.

Channel time slot

, ,

110.

Signalling time slot

,

111.

Frame alignment time slot

,

112.

Multiframe alignment time slot

,

113.

Basic frame

,

114.

Multiframe

,

115.

Subframe

,

. n - , 1.

116. -

-

Analog to digital equipment

, - () -

117. -

Multiplex analog to digital equipment

, , -

. , - ̻

118.

Digital multiplex equipment

-

119.

Digital multiplex hierarchy

, , , , , ,

120.

n-

n-th order digital multiplex equipment

, (n - 1)- (n ³ 2)

121. 1-

First order digital multiplex equipment

,

122.

Quantizer

,

123.

PCM encoder

, .

. ,

124.

PCM decoder

, .

. ,

125.

PCM codec

.

. ,

126.

Compressor

,

127.

Expander

,

128.

Compander

129.

Elastic store

, , ,

130.

Regeneration

,

131.

Digital error

132.

:

Jitter

133.

Decision instant of a digital signal

,

134.

Retiming

-

135.

Regenerator

,

136.

Bilateral regenerator

,

137.

Regenerator section

,

138.

Scrambler

, , ,

139.

Descrambler

, ,

140.

Decision circuit

,

141.

Synchronization

142.

Synchronism

,

143.

Timing

144.

Time slot points

,

145.

Digit time slot

146.

Timing signal

147.

Slit

, -

148.

Mutually synchronized network

,

149.

Democratic network

, , ,

150.

Hierarchic network

, , ,

151.

Despotic network

, ,

152.

Oligarchic network

, ,

153.

Synchronous network

, , .

. ,

154.

Asynchronous network

, ,

155.

Framing

,

156.

Multiframing

,

157.

Signalling

.

. , ,

158.

In-slot signalling

, , ,

159.

Out-slot signalling

, , ,

160.

Common-channel signalling

,

-

161.

Unimode switching

, .

. ,

162.

Multimode switching

,

163.

Space-sharing switching

,

164.

Time-sharing switching

,

165. -

-

Time/space-sharing switching

,

166.

Channel digital signal extractor

, .

. ,

167.

Channel digital signal shift register

, .

. ,

168.

Channel digital signal multiplexer

, .

. ,

169.

Channel digital signal store

, ,

170.

Analog concentrator

, k l (k > l)

171. -

-

Analog/digital concentrator

, k l (k > l)

172.

Digital concentrator

, k l (k > l)

173.

Communication network control

() , ()

174.

Communication network control centre

,

175.

Centralized communication network control

,

176.

Decentralized communication network control

, ,

177.

Combined communication network control

,

178.

Communication network deterministic control

,

179.

Communication network flow control

,

180.

Communication network testing

181.

Operative communication network testing

,

182.

Communication network preventive testing

,

183.

All connection communication network testing

, ,

184.

Part connection communication network testing

, : , ,

- 116

- 117

118

1- 121

- 120

- 116

73

n- 73

88

86

85

84

88

86

85

87

87

84

134

134

166

166

107

106

107

106

𠠠 124

124

̠ 66

̠ 65

66

65

- () 25

- 25

𠠠 139

𠠠 132

26

29

28

26

29

28

132

132

60

61

61

54

54

52

52

60

53

53

23

23

40

40

41

41

119

65

6

4

109

30

30

109

112

112

110

110

93

93

145

111

111

145

93

33

43

42

33

43

42

122

122

68

68

75

74

62

63

68

62

75

74

63

125

125

𠠠 123

123

57

57

58

59

58

59

164

162

161

163

- 165

164

162

161

163

- 165

𠠠 128

128

49

55

50

49

55

50

51

56

51

56

47

47

𠠠 126

126

180

181

184

182

183

181

184

182

183

170

-頠 171

172

170

- 171

172

- () 22

- () 24

- 22

- 22

-

24

133

133

15

15

70

Ƞ 70

64

64

101

98

102

100

99

104

103

98

101

102

100

99

104

103

168

168

45

45

򠠠 27

67

27

67

131

131

169

169

129

129

7

7

31

31

115

115

38

39

38

39

-堠 19

76

76

18

18

- 19

- 20

- 21

21

-堠 20

27

147

147

105

105

𠠠 135

136

135

136

130

130

114

114

167

167

150

152

149

() 1

154

148

150

149

() 2

152

151

153

8

78

83

80

77

16

17

78

Ƞ 69

71

9

8

-n- 11

n- 10

n- 12

9

77

16

17

78

69

71

81

82

79

83

80

81

82

79

157

159

158

160

157

159

158

160

13

95

94

94

95

13

95

94

141

156

143

155

141

156

143

155

142

142

14

14

96

𠠠 138

89

92

91

89

92

91

90

90

89

92

91

90

72

n- 72

96

97

96

97

144

144

176

179

173

176

179

177

178

175

177

178

175

3

3

4

34

34

44

44

140

140

137

137

37

37

174

174

108

108

113

113

32

32

146

146

35

36

35

36

46

46

𠠠 127

127

48

48

 

 

Adaptive multiplexing 101

All connection communication network testing 183

Alternation mark inversion signal (AMI) 69

AMI violation 70

Analog concentrator 170

Analog/digital concentrator 171

Analog signal 8

Analog to digital equipment 116

Analog to digital signal conversion 19

Anisochronous digital signal 78

Asynchronous digital input 88

Asynchronous network 154

Balanced code 74

Basic frame 113

Bilateral regenerator 136

Centralized communication network control 175

Channel digital signal 16

Channel digital signal extractor 166

Channel digital signal multiplexer 168

Channel digital signal shift register 167

Channel digital signal store 169

Channel time slot 109

Character multiplexing 104

Code conversion 76

Code transparent input 85

Combined communication network control 177

Common-channel signalling 160

Communication equipment integration 5

Communication network control 173

Communication network control centre 174

Communication network deterministic control 178

Communication network flow control 179

Communication network preventive testing 182

Communication network testing 180

Compander 128

Companding 49

Compression 47

Compressor 126

Decentralized communication network control 176

Decision circuit 140

Decision instant of a digital signal 133

Delta modulation (DM) 25

Democratic network 149

Descrambler 139

Despotic network 151

Differential pulse code modulation (DPCM) 24

Digit 13

Digit multiplexing 103

Digit rate 14

Digit time slot 145

Digital concentrator 172

Digital demultiplexing 105

Digital error 131

Digital input 84

Digital multiplex equipment 118

Digital multiplex hierarchy 119

Digital multiplexing 98

Digital network 1

Digital signal 9

Digital sum variation 73

Digital to analog signal conversion 20

Digital to digital signal conversion 21

Disparity 64

DPCM decoding 66

Elastic store 129

Encoding 57

Encoding law 60

Expander 127

Expanding 48

First order digital multiplex equipment 121

Frame 108

Frame alignment time slot 111

Framing 155

Heterochronous digital signals 83

Hierarchic network 150

Homochronous digital signals 80

Homogenous multiplexing 99

In-slot signalling 158

Instant signal companding 50

Integrated digital communication network 2

Integration stage 3

Isochronous digital signal 77

Jitter 132

Justifiable digit time slot 93

Justification 89

Justification rate 96

Justification ratio 97

Justifying service digit 95

Justifying digit 94

Limiting zone 41

Line code 68

Load capacity 44

Mesochronous digital signals 81

Modified AMI 71

Multichannel digital signal 17

Multiframe 114

Multiframe alignment time slot 112

Multiframing 156

Multilevel pulse code digital sum 72

Multimode switching 162

Multiplex analog to digital equipment 117

Mutually synchronized network 148

n-ary amplitude digital signal 12

n-ary digital signal 10

Natural binary code 62

Negative justification 91

Non adaptive multiplexing 102

Non code transparent input 86

Non-homogeneous multiplexing 100

Non uniform encoding 59

Non uniform sampling 29

Non uniform signal quantization 43

n-th order digital multiplex equipment 120

Oligarchic network 152

Operative communication network testing 181

Out-slot signalling 159

PCM codec 125

PCH decoder 124

PCM decoding 65

PCM encoder 123

Paired-disparity code 75

Part connection communication network testing 184

Particular characteristic 7

Peak limiting 45

Plesiochronous digital signals 82

Positive/negative justification 92

Positive justification 90

Predicted signal value 23

Primary block 106

Pulse code modulation (PCM) 22

Quantization 33

Quantization distortion 46

Quantization law 37

Quantizer 122

Quantizer input quantization increment 35

Quantizer output quantization increment 36

Quasi n-ary digital signal 11

Reconstructed samples 67

Regeneration 130

Regenerator 135

Regenerator section 137

Retiming 134

Sample 27

Sampling 26

Sampling interval 30

Sampling period 31

Sampling rate 32

Scrambler 138

Secondary block 107

Segment encoding law 61

Service integration 6

Signal analog companding 55

Signal companding law 54

Signal compression law 52

Signal conversion 18

Signal digital companding 56

Signal expanding law 53

Signal quantization decision value 38

Signal quantization level 34

Signal quantization zone 40

Signalling 157

Signalling time slot 110

Significant instant of a digital signal 15

Slip 147

Space-sharing switching 163

Subframe 115

Syllable signal companding 51

Symmetrical binary code 63

Synchronism 142

Synchronous digital input 87

Synchronous digital signals 79

Synchronous network 153

Synchronization 141

Technology integration 4

Time-sharing switching 164

Time slot points 144

Time/space-sharing switching 165

Timing 143

Timing signal 146

Uniform encoding 58

Uniform sampling 28

Uniform signal quantization 42

Unimode switching 161

Virtual decision value 39

 

 

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